What is a lipid profile?
The lipid profile is a group of tests that are often requested together to determine risk of coronary heart disease. The tests that make up a lipid profile are tests that have been shown to be good indicators of whether someone is likely to have a heart attack or stroke caused by blockage of blood vessels (“hardening of the arteries”).
What tests are included in a lipid profile?
The lipid profile includes total cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol (sometimes called bad cholesterol), HDL-cholesterol (often called good cholesterol) and triglycerides. Sometimes the report will include additional calculated values such as total cholesterol/HDL-cholesterol ratio or a risk score based on lipid profile results, age, sex, and other risk factors.
How is a lipid profile used?
The lipid profile is used to guide providers in deciding how a person at risk should be treated. The results of the lipid profile are considered along with other known risk factors of heart disease to develop a plan of treatment and follow-up.